Shipwreck Databases Western Australian Museum

An underwater archaeological survey of Cape Andreas) Cyprus) 1969-70: a preliminary report

Author/s J.N. Green

Year of publication 1970

Report Number: 233

The Research Laboratory for Archaeology, Oxford, conducted in the summers of 1969 and 1970 an underwater archaeological survey of the seabed, down to a depth of 50 m, around Cape Andreas in Cyprus. A total area of about 1 sq. km was systematically searched, using the diver swimline technique. A detailed hydrographic survey of the whole area was carried out and the coastline and islands surveyed. The survey of the material located was carried out using both conventional techniques (tape trilateration and theodolite/tape methods) and simple photogrammetric techniques (photomosaic, reference-frame triangulation, cube and cross-rod plan drawing). The various techniques were compared; the simple photogrammetric techniques were found to be a highly efficient method of recording, and the theodolite/tape system the best method of surveying the control points for the photogrammetry. A total of 10 pottery sites were located; four are thought to be wrecks, the remainder possibly spillage or jettison. Two foul ground anchor sites were located, one containing 30 anchors in an area of about 3,500 sq. m. Three unusual lines of stone anchors were also recorded. The total number of anchors recorded was about 200 : 50 iron, 10 lead and the rest stone. Twelve iron Y-shaped anchors were recorded.