Bill Humphreys

Research Associate - Subterranean Biology

Terrestrial Zoology

BSc(Hons), PhD

Dr Bill Humphreys measuring the landscape with a surveying tool


  • The diversity, distribution and phylogeography of subterranean faunas including anchialine ecosystems.
  • Exploration of local and remote regions for new types of subterranean community.


  • Develops collections on all aspects of subterranean biology through targeted fieldwork and collaborations with cavers, other museums and university researchers.
  • Researches the collections through a wide range of collaborations.

Services (to other bodies):

  • Sits on committees involved with scientific research engagement and provides expert advice to various international scientific research funding agencies.

Exhibitions and Public Programs

  • Through committees provides scientific advice on endangered species to state and commonwealth environment ministers.
  • Member of specialist working groups dealing with endangered fauna and communities, and aspects of climate change and aquatic ecosystems.
  • Provides advice on subterranean biology for public, consultants and government.
  • Presents talks and provides media coverage on matters pertinent to subterranean fauna.

Selected Publications

Bill Humphreys' Publication's 2009 - (early) 2014

Karanovic, I. and Humphreys, W.F. (2014). Phylogeny and diversity of Timiriaseviinae ostracods (Podocopida, Cytheroidea) with description of one new species from arid Western Australia. Systematics and Biodiversity 12:1, 93-110


Humphreys, G., Alexander, J, Harvey, M.S. and Humphreys, W.F. (2013). The subterranean fauna of Barrow Island, northwestern Australia: 10 years on. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 83: 145-158.

Poore, G.C.B. and Humphreys, W.F. (2013). Bunderanthura bundera gen. et sp. nov. from Western Australia, first anchialine Leptanthuridae (Isopoda) from the Southern Hemisphere. Records of the Western Australian Museum 28: 21-29.

Denniston, R., Wyrwoll, K-H., Polyak, V.J., Brown, J.R., Asmerom, Y., Wanamaker, Jr., A., LaPointe, Z., Ellerbroek, R., Barthelmes, M., Cleary, D., Cugley, J., Woods, D., & Humphreys, W. F. (2013). A Stalagmite record of Holocene Indonesian-Australian summer monsoon variability from the Australian Tropics. Quaternary Science Reviews 78: 155-168

Denniston, R. Asmerom, Y., Lachniet, M., Polyak, V., Hope, P., An; N., Rodzinyak, K., & Humphreys, W.F. (2013). A Last Glacial Maximum through Middle Holocene stalagmite record of coastal Western Australia climate. Quaternary Science Reviews 77: 101-112.

Bradford T, , Humphreys W.F., Austin A.D. and , Cooper S.J.B. (2014). Identification of trophic niches of subterranean diving beetles in a calcrete aquifer by DNA and stable isotope analysis. Marine and Freshwater Research 65: 95-104.

Hoenemann, M., Neiber, M.T., Humphreys, W.F., Iliffe, T.M., Li, D., Schram, F.R. & Koenemann, S. (2013). Phylogenetic analyses and systematic revision of Remipedia (Nectiopoda) from Bayesian analysis of molecular data. Journal of Crustacean Biology 33: 603-619.

Phillips, M.J., Page, T.J., de Bruyn, M., Huey, J.A., Humphreys, W.F., Hughes, J.M., Santos, S.R., Schmid,t D.J., Waters, J.M. (2013). The linking of plate tectonics and evolutionary divergence. Current Biology, 23, R603-R605.

Denniston, R.F., Wyrwoll, K-H., Asmeromc, Y., Polyak, V.J., Humphreys, W.F., Cugley, J., Woods, D., LaPointe, Z., Peota, J., and Greaves, E. (2013). North Atlantic forcing of millennial-scale Indo-Australian monsoon dynamics during the Last Glacial period. Quaternary Science Reviews 72: 159-168.

Bradford, T., Adams, M., Guzik, M., Humphreys, W., Austin, A., Cooper, S.( 2013). Patterns of population genetic variation in sympatric chiltoniid amphipods within a calcrete aquifer reveal a dynamic subterranean environment. Heredity 111: 77-85.

Larson, H.L., Foster, R., Humphreys, W.F. and Stevens, M.I. (2013). A new species of the blind cave gudgeon Milyeringa (Gobioidei, Eleotridae, Butinae) from Barrow Island, Western Australia, with a redescription of M. veritas Whitley. Zootaxa 3616(2):135-150.


Bishop, R. E., Humphreys, W., and Cooper S. (2012). Metabolic evolution of subterranean diving beetles from calcretes of Western Australia. Natura Croatica 21 (Supplement 1): 7-11.

Humphreys, W., Tetu, S., Elbourne, L., Gillings, M., Seymour, J., Mitchell, J. and Paulsen, I. (2012). Geochemical and microbial diversity of Bundera Sinkhole, an anchialine system in the eastern Indian Ocean. Natura Croatica 21 (Supplement 1): 59-63.

Abrams, K.M., Guzik, M.T., Cooper, S.J., Humphreys, W.F., King, R.A., Cho, J-L, and  Austin, A.D. (2012). What lies beneath: Molecular phylogenetics and ancestral state reconstruction of the ancient subterranean Australian Parabathynellidae (Syncarida, Crustacea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 64:130–144

Humphreys, W.F. (2012). Diversity patterns in Australia. 203-219. In: W.B. White and D. C. Culver (eds), Encyclopedia of Caves, 2nd Edition. Academic Press, San Diego.

King, R.A., Bradford, T., Austin, A.D., Humphreys, W.F., Cooper, S.J.B. (2012). Divergent molecular lineages and not-so-cryptic species: the first descriptions of stygobitic chiltoniid amphipods (Talitroidea: Chiltoniidae) from Western Australia. Journal of Crustacean Biology 32: 465-488.

Leijs, R., van Nes, E.H., Watts, C.H., Cooper,  S.J.B., Humphreys, W.F., Hogendoorn, K. (2012). Evolution of blind beetles in isolated aquifers: a test of alternative modes of speciation. PLoS ONE 7(3):e34260. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0034260.


Wicks, C. and Humphreys, W.F. (eds) (2011). Anchialine Ecosystems: reflections and prospects. Special Issue Hydrobiologia 677: 1-168.

 Humphreys, W.F. (2011). Management of groundwater species in karst environments, pp 283-318. In P. van Beynen (ed.) Karst Management. Springer verlag, Berlin.

Harvey, M.S., Rix, M.G., Framenau, V.W., Hamilton, Z.R., Johnson, M.S., Teale, R.J., Humphreys, G., and Humphreys, W.F. (2011). Protecting the innocent: studying short-range endemic taxa enhances conservation outcomes. Invertebrate Systematics 25: 1-10.

Guzik M.T., Austin, A.D., Cooper, S.J.B., Harvey, M.S., Humphreys, W.F., Bradford, T., Eberhard, S.M., King, R.A., Leijs, R., Muirhead ,K.A. and Tomlinson , M. (2010). Is the Australian subterranean fauna uniquely diverse? Invertebrate Systematics 24: 407-418.

Guzik, M.T. Cooper, S.J.B., Humphreys, W.F., Ong, S., Kawakami, T., Austin A.D. (2011). Evidence for population fragmentation within a subterranean aquatic habitat in the Western Australian desert. Heredity 107, 215-230.  

Neville, J.C., Hancock, P.J., Murray, B.P., Ponder, W.F., Humphreys, W.F., Phillips, M.L. and Groom, P.K. (2011). Groundwater-dependent ecosystems and the dangers of groundwater overdraft : a review and an Australian perspective. Pacific Conservation Biology 16:187-208.


Kornicker, L.S., Humphreys, W.F., Danielopol, D.L. and Harrison-Nelson, E. (2010). Ontogeny of an anchialine ostracod from Western Australia and comments on the origin and distribution of Halocyprididae. Crustaceana, 83: 715-752.

Cho, J-L. and Humphreys, W.F. (2010). Ten new species of the genus Brevisomabathynella Cho, Park and Ranga Reddy, 2006 (Malacostraca, Bathynellacea, Parabathynellidae) from Western Australia. Journal of Natural History 44: 993-1079.

Bradford, T., Adams, M., Humphreys, W.F., Austin, A.D. and Cooper, S.J.B. (2010). DNA barcoding of stygofauna uncovers cryptic amphipod diversity in a calcrete aquifer in Western Australia’s arid zone. Molecular Ecology Resources Molecular Ecology Resources (2010) 10, 41–50.   


Leijs, R., Roudnew, B., Mitchell, J., and Humphreys, W.F. (2009). A new method for sampling stygofauna from groundwater fed marshlands / soaks. Speleobiology Notes 1: 12-13.

Humphreys, W.F., Watts, C.H.S., Cooper, S.J.B., Leijs, R. (2009). Groundwater estuaries of salt lakes: buried pools of endemic biodiversity on the western plateau, Australia. Hydrobiologia 626: 79–95. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-009-9738-4. Erratum: Hydrobiologia 632: 377. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-009-9864-z

Guzik, M.T., Cooper, S. J.B., Humphreys, W.F. and Austin, A.D.(2009). Fine-scale comparative phylogeography of a sympatric sister species triplet of subterranean diving beetles from a single calcrete aquifer in Western Australia. Molecular ecology. 18: 3683-3698.


Humphreys, W.F., Kornicker, L.S. and Danielopol, D.L. (2009). On the origin of Danielopolina baltanasi sp. n. (Ostracoda, Thaumatocypridoidea) from three anchialine caves on Christmas Island, a seamount in the Indian Ocean. Crustaceana, 82: 1177-1203.

Watts, C.H.S. & Humphreys, W.F. (2009). Fourteen new Dytiscidae (Coleoptera) of the genera Limbodessus Guignot, Paroster Sharp and Exocelina Broun, from underground waters in Australia. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 133: 62–107.