Batavia

Collection Highlights | Updated 1 month ago

Scientists working on reconstruction the Batavia shipwreck
Reconstructing the Batavia
Photo by Patrick Baker

The Batavia is Australia’s second oldest known shipwreck (Australia’s oldest known shipwreck is the English East India Company ship Trial lost in 1622).

On the morning of 4 June 1629, the VOC ship Batavia was wrecked on the Houtman
Abrolhos, off the coast of Western Australia.

Commander Francisco Pelsaert along with all ship’s senior officers, some crew and passengers - 48 in all – deserted the remaining 268 people on the wreck and on two nearby waterless islands whilst they went in search of water.

Abandoning the search on the mainland Australian coast, they made their way to Batavia (modern Jakarta, Indonesia), to obtain help. This journey took 33 days. On arrival to Batavia, the Governor General dispatched Pelsaert in the jacht Sardam to rescue the survivors.

With extraordinary bad luck, it took 63 days to find the wreck site, almost double the time it took the party to get to Batavia. At the Abrolhos, Pelsaert discovered that a mutiny had taken place.

A small group of mutineers, led by Jeronimus Cornelisz the under-merchant, had massacred 125 men, women and children. When Pelsaert arrived he arrested the mutineers, tried them according to Dutch law and executed some of them on site.

When the Sardam finally returned to Batavia, some of the lesser offenders, who had been flogged, keelhauled and dropped from the yard-arm as punishment on the voyage, were executed. Two people were marooned on the mainland coast as punishment. Out of 316 people aboard the Batavia, only 116 survived. Pelsaert died in the following year.

334 years later, fisherman and divers located the Batavia wreck in 1963. In the late 1960s the
Museum conducted a holding operation on the site using watch-keepers to ensure the site was not looted.

Between 1972 and 1976 the Department of Maritime Archaeology conducted a series of excavations of the Batavia. Artefacts recovered from these excavations were treated by the Western Australian Museum’s Department of Materials Conservation and may now be seen in the Maritime Museum and Shipwreck Galleries in Fremantle, and in the Western Australian Museum - Geraldton.

During the excavation, part of the hull of the vessel was uncovered. The hull was carefully recorded and raised. After a number of years of conservation treatment, the remains were rebuilt in the Shipwreck Galleries in Fremantle.

This provides the centre-piece for the Batavia Gallery display. The section is the stern quarter of the port side of the ship up to the top of the first gun-deck, and includes the transom
and stern-post.

Part of a portico façade was found on the site, comprising of 97 (of a total of 149) blocks weighing over 36 tonnes. The portico was reconstructed and is on display in the WA Museum Geraldton. From archival research, it was found that the portico was destined for either the Land Port or the Waterport at the Castle at Batavia.

Maritime shipwrecks Batavia Gallery